Kronika/ Polska Sztuka Ludowa - Konteksty 1964 t.18 z.4

Dublin Core

Tytuł

Kronika/ Polska Sztuka Ludowa - Konteksty 1964 t.18 z.4

Opis

Polska Sztuka Ludowa - Konteksty 1964 t.18 z.4; s. 231-232

Wydawca

Instytut Sztuki PAN

Data

1964

Relacja

oai:cyfrowaetnografia.pl:publication:4788

Format

application/pdf

Język

pol.

Identyfikator

oai:cyfrowaetnografia.pl:4445

PDF Text

Text

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QUARTERLY PUBLISHED BY THE A R T INSTITUTE
No 4

OF

L

K

THE POLISH

YEAR BOOK X V I I I

A
ACADEMY

OF

R

T

SCIENCES
1964

SUMMARY OF ARTICLES

This issue is devoted to the situation i n research
on Polish folk a r t i n the t w e n t y post-war years.
R. Reinfuss, i n an article "Contemporary Research
on Folk A r t and Prospects for the Near F u t u r e "
gives a brief review of the research done i n the
i n t e r - w a r period. A t that t i m e , there was no i n s t i t ­
u t i o n engaged i n research on a large scale, the
material base was insufficient, the decisive factor
being the i n d i v i d u a l interests of the authors, and
this accounts for the fact that certain areas of this
country and certain fields of folk art were elabor­
ated extensively and i n great detail w h i l e others
were overlooked. The ethnographers dealt, above
all, w i t h the eastern regions, several monographs
on
ornamentation appeared and
art
historians
focussed t h e i r interest on wood-cuts, paintings and
sculpture.
The post-war period brought the setting u p of
the State Institute for Research on Folk A r t i n
1946, w h i c h was later taken over by the A r t Institute
of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Under
the
guidance
of
Professor
Reinfuss,
research
was
undertaken a l l over the country. I t is envisaged
that
this w o r k w i l l be completed about 1970.
Museums and universities (Warsaw, Cracow, Poznari,
Wroclaw,
Lublin,
Torun)
have enlivened
their
scientific and publishing activity. A t present, the
inventories being made i n various localities by the
Folk A r t Laboratory of the A r t Institute alone have
covered t w o thirds of the whole area of the country
(see map p. 191) a n d comprise 63,000 items and
32,000 photographs. A l l this has created a material
base w h i c h can be used for m a k i n g detailed elabo­
rations and later monographs and synthetic works.
Closer
ties
have been established
with
other
disciplines, such as history and archeology, the a i m
being to reconstruct and give a picture of the deve­
lopment of folk art.
Most of these works appear i n "Polish Folk A r t " .
There is only one popular-synthetic item, namely:
R. Reinfuss, J. Swiderski, Folk A r t i n Poland,
Cracow 1960. The most important articles and books
in various fields are critically reviewed b y the
authors of further articles. They are:

W. K a l i n o w s k i , Research on R u r a l B u i l d i n g
K . Piwocki, Research on Sculpture and Painting
K . Pietkiewicz, Research
on
Paper-Cuts
and
Painted Ornamentation
A. Kutrzeba-Pojnarowa,
Research
on
Regional
Costumes and Fabrics
E. F r y ś - P i e t r a s z k o w a , Research on Pottery
J. Olędzki, Remarks A b o u t Research on Blacksmithery and Carving i n Poland.
I n comparison w i t h the pre-war period, relatively
less interest is n o w being shown i n handicrafts and
ornamentation techniques. On the other hand, a lot
of attention is being p a i d to sculpture and the most
comprehensive elaborations on a national scale have
been prepared on wood-cuts (pre-war publications
of Ł a z a r s k i , Skoczylas and, particularly, P i w o c k i —
see p. 205 i t e m 2—5, 7—9), on paper-cuts, (p. 209
i t e m 1—19), pottery (p. 223 i t e m 1—58), regional
costumes (p. 219 item 24—64 — p a r t i c u l a r l y the
Atlas of Regional Costumes, w h i c h appears regul­
arly), on folk toys (work by T. Seweryn), on
furniture making (particularly folk coffers, p . 229
i t e m 1, 2, 8—11) a n d on folk b u i l d i n g (p. 192—200).
Studies of folk painting are concentrated on analysis
of historical relics, their iconographie o r i g i n and of
archive
materials
concerning
handicraft
guilds.
Special attention is devoted to the w o r k of i n d i v ­
i d u a l artists, p a r t i c u l a r l y i n fields where an i m p o r t ­
ant role is played by the artist's o w n inventiveness,
thus i n sculpture a n d paper-cuts. Most of the art­
icles on these disciplines are published i n "Polish
Folk A r t " .
As regards the various regions of the country,
f u l l monographic w o r k s have already been w r i t t e n
on the folk culture of the Wielkopolska (Poznań)
region, Silesia ( i n p r i n t ) and the K u r p i e region.
Works are being prepared on the K u j a w y region,
Pomorze G d a ń s k i e and the Rzeszów region. A lot
of material has been collected concerning the Podhale region and the voivodships of Łódź, Kielce and
Lublin.
The second part of the issue brings pen-portraits
of outstanding contemporary folk artists.

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Cytat

“Kronika/ Polska Sztuka Ludowa - Konteksty 1964 t.18 z.4,” Cyfrowa Etnografia, Dostęp 1 lipca 2022, https://cyfrowaetnografia.pl/items/show/5916.

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